It's Throwback Thursday! And we at Eye Level have decided it's a great opportunity to bring back some of our interesting and relevant posts from the past. During this election season, Americans have been debating what it means to be American. So, it's fitting to consider what is American about American art. In October 2012, Adam Gopnik, writer for The New Yorker, spoke about this as part of SAAM's Clarice Smith Lecture series. Back here in 2016, join us for this year's final Clarice Smith Lecture by Edward Rothstein, Critic-at-Large for the Wall Street Journal on Wednesday, November 2, 2016.
Taking a stab at what defines American art, Adam Gopnik, art critic at The New Yorker, spoke to a standing-room only crowd at the museum's McEvoy Auditorium, as the second (of three) speakers in this year's Clarice Smith Distinguished Lecture series in American Art. "Like most of you in this audience , I suspect, I am a museum goer, a gallery goer. I get no thrill as large as I do from simply setting foot in a museum and beginning to look," Gopnik told us at the outset. Neither a historian nor curator (though he did co-curate the Museum of Modern Art's influential High-Low: Modern Art and Popular Culture exhibition in 1990 with Kirk Varnedoe) Gopnik shared with us what he's learned in his many years of looking at American art.
Gopnik started by riffing on commonalities and differences in some of his favorite examples of American art, including examples by Homer, Bingham, Eakins, St. Gaudens, and Audubon, among others. At times, American art carries a lot on its shoulders and teems with subject matter, as in many of the confectionary works by Wayne Thiebaud. At other times, the desire to create is not about the many, but the one. For Gopnik, that push-pull between extremes is one of the sign posts that have defined American art over the centuries.
You can see it for yourself as you travel the many galleries of the American Art museum. Contrast a poetic, monochromatic Louise Nevelson sculpture in the Lincoln Gallery with an operatic Albert Bierstadt one floor below. For me, those contradictions brought to mind Walt Whitman (who walked through the halls of the Patent Office Building during the Civil War), the singular poet of Song of Myself was also the poet "who contains multitudes."
Watch an archived webcast of Adam Gopnik's talk.
Knock Wood: The Future of Furniture is in their Hands
October 14, 2016
Furniture. We interact with it everyday but we really don't give it much thought, unless we're buying something new, eyeing glossy catalogues from IKEA or Design Within Reach, or when our lower back starts to twitch from sitting in the "wrong" chair. Furniture "affects every single aspect of who we are and what we do though we don't always acknowledge that," said Nora Atkinson, the Lloyd Herman Curator of Craft at the Renwick Gallery, in her introductory remarks at the recent Maloof Symposium, Furniture and the Future. A stellar group of experts, designers, artists, and makers looked closely at the changing role of studio furniture, in light of the brave new world of digital technologies and marketplaces.
Held in honor of the centenary of Sam Maloof's birth, the symposium began with an homage to Maloof, the first craft artist to win a MacArthur Fellowship in 1985. He had a show at the Renwick in 2001, and his Low-Back Side Chair is currently on view in the exhibition, Connections: Contemporary Craft from the Renwick Gallery. From there, the morning was filled with talks on topics as diverse as keynote speaker Michael Prokopow's observations on hyperluxury and furniture built for the elite; a behind-the-scenes look at the Haystack Mountain School of Crafts with director Paul Sacaridiz; and esteemed author and architect Witold Rybczynski's deep dive into the history of the chair, stationary as well as rocking, from hand-made wooden chairs to the one-piece plastic chair that has become ubiquitous. As Rybczynski reminded us, "though chairs have changed over time, our bodies haven't, and we're only meant to sit for so long." Appropriately, on that note, the morning session ended and we rose from our seats for a lunch break.
The afternoon session, under the stewardship of independent curator Glenn Adamson, brought together an eclectic group that included Vivian Beer, winner of Ellen DeGeneres's Design Challenge, and Renwick favorites Christy Oates, a furniture maker featured in the 2012 exhibition, 40 under 40: Craft Futures, and Wendell Castle, whose great tromp l'eoil Ghost Clock is back on view in Connections. Castle kicked off the session by discussing the use of digital technologies and his studio's acquisition of a robot named "Mr. Chips" to keep things humming at a 21st century pace. The ABB6300 large robot, originally from the US Post Office and most likely used for "pick and place", is about twelve feet tall, and is used for carving. This extra hand enables Castle to create large pieces that can be assembled then disassembled precisely.
To conclude the afternoon, the participants came together for a panel discussion and lively conversation about their individual practices and their common passion for furniture and design.
In case you missed the symposium, we webcast it:
Picture This: October Breezes
October 13, 2016
It's fall in Washington, D.C. The days are cooler, the nights cold, and the wind picks up and deposits leaves to the ground. This painting by Albert P. Lucas reminds me of the weeks that lie ahead for me. With eighty trees hanging over my house, raking those leaves in a stiff breeze has often been a study in futility. But each year I do it. And, given the frenetic quality of my normal day, I use the time to push myself a little closer to nature.
A Pocket-Sized WONDER in Virtual Reality
October 4, 2016
Last spring, I paid a solo visit to the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris, home to one of the largest collections of 13th-century stained glass in the world. I sat down on a bench and spent the better part of an hour observing the morning light as it traveled across the eastern windows, turning the narrow chapel into a blazing jewel box. It was a transporting, magical experience. Then I walked downstairs to the gift shop, and—typical tourist—bought a postcard.
I use my Sainte-Chapelle postcard as a bookmark. Every time I open my book and see it, I think to myself, "How beautiful! I wish I could be there again." I expect this is why postcards are a classic museum souvenir—they jog warm memories of places we've left behind. But wouldn't it be sweet if we could step inside a postcard and look around that faraway museum one more time, even if just for a moment?
How could we capture the experience of WONDER and bottle it, before it was no more than a memory? Could we use technology to give people more to hold onto than just a postcard?
—Sara Snyder, Chief, Media & Technology Office
That yearning to revisit a special place at a moment in time is what led my colleagues in SAAM's Media and Technology Office to create our new virtual reality app, "Renwick Gallery WONDER 360." The WONDER exhibition was the most popular show in the Renwick Gallery's history, an extraordinary collection of site-specific, gallery-sized installations made from an array of unexpected materials. And though the artists of Sainte-Chapelle are separated by more than 700 years from the artists in WONDER, I can say I felt the same deep level of emotion when confronted by Gabriel Dawe’s soaring rainbows and John Grade’s epic hemlock that I felt when surrounded by the stained glass in that Gothic chapel. WONDER was a transporting, magical exhibition. It was also temporary.
Like many, many others, I took my share of Instagram photos of WONDER, and kept a glossy souvenir booklet (in lieu of a postcard). But as the exhibition's closing date drew nearer, my colleagues and I became more anxious: how could we capture the experience of WONDER and bottle it, before it was no more than a memory? Could we use technology to give people more to hold onto than just a postcard?
As it happens, the year that WONDER opened to the public was also the year VR became a mainstream concept. Throughout 2015 and 2016, the technology to support 360-degree panoramic capture got better and cheaper, month by month. In March of 2016, Media and Technology producer Carlos Parada attended the SXSW Interactive conference in Austin, Texas, where there was a huge Virtual Reality presence. This provided the perfect environment to learn about the technology and network with developers. At SXSW, Carlos connected with a startup company, InstaVR, and saw the opportunity we were looking for: a system that would allow us to create an experience, in-house, to make people feel like were inside the gallery. This was very important for WONDER, a show in which the immersive installations needed to be experienced, not just seen.
So with only a few months left before the show's closing, Carlos designed the interactive app. With several hundred dollars’ worth of new equipment and software—plus a whole lot of patience and perseverance—he managed to take hundreds of photographs of the entirety of the WONDER exhibition from a variety of vantage points in super high-resolution, stitching them into virtually seamless 360-degree files. Working together with InstaVR, we rolled the 360 panoramas, along with a number of artist videos, into native mobile apps for both the iTunes App store and Google Play.
We've launched "Renwick Gallery WONDER 360" as our first major experiment with producing immersive VR experiences. I hope you'll download it, and please let us know what you think by rating it in the app store! This is just our first pass at VR, and we're excited to keep on exploring the potential of this emerging technology to enhance and expand the variety of ways that art lovers can interact with their favorite museums. And since the app can be downloaded for free, you can step back in time and be transported into the WONDER exhibition for even less than the cost of a postcard. How WONDER-ful is that?
Luce Unplugged: 5 Questions with Danke Shane
October 3, 2016
Danke Shane's debut D.C. show premieres this Thursday, October 6, in the Luce Foundation Center as a part of Luce Unplugged, our free, monthly concert series. In partnership with D.C. Music Download, we highlight musical acts within the District that create unique and innovative sound. With a new album releasing this winter, we sat down with Andrew Burke from Danke Shane to learn more about the launch of his musical career.
Eye Level: When did you begin making music? What inspired you to start?
Danke Shane: It took off when I started making home recordings when I was about twelve. My family bought a Mac computer with Garageband on it; and I became obsessed with it. I'd been wanting to play in a band since I saw School of Rock. But none of my friends could really play music at the time. So being able to record all of the instruments myself and layer them was really exciting. That's something interesting about my generation; a lot of us grew up with recording equipment of some sort at our disposal. This has affected not just our ability to record and share music but, more fundamentally, how people my age learned to approach songwriting.
EL: How did you think of your band's name, Danke Shane?
DS: The name Danke Shane is a reference to one of my favorite movies, Ferris Beuller's Day Off—specifically to one aspect of that movie, when Wayne Newton's song,"Danke Schöen" randomly appears throughout the whole film. Ferris and his sister hum it to themselves a few times in different scenes and then, at the end, he gets up on a float and starts singing it. It's such a random choice! Why did John Hughes make that song a focal point? But even though it seems out of place in the movie, it somehow feels so perfect, funny, and cool. Stuff that is strange on the surface but feels really good is something I love in all types of art. So it's an homage to that in general. Then I just changed the spelling to make it Google-able and to connect it more to the American pronunciation you hear in the song.
EL: Could you briefly describe your music-making process?
DS: I don't think I've had a consistent process in a long time. But one thing I believe is that ultimately making music or doing anything creative is a meditative process, which sounds really contrite and cheesy. But it's true. Once you get to a certain point with a song, you can break your work down into a process; but to get the nucleus of something going is really random and difficult.
EL: Do you collaborate with other musicians in D.C.?
DS: I'm still fairly new to D.C., so I haven't had a lot of time to do much collaboration. But there are really cool artists from the area who I've seen or listened to, so it's something I'd love to do. And I brought in several people from around D.C. to record parts for the EP I just finished.
EL: Who are your major influences for your music?
DS: I have to figure out a way to answer this question because I really don't know. I tend to see points of influence more as individual songs or albums rather than a band in general. So, for example, I remember really well when Sufjan Steven's "Come On! Feel the Illinoise!" came out. Listening to it with my friends I thought it was unbelievable. But then, I haven't necessarily kept up with most of his newer stuff. I really got into Fantasma by Cornelius when I was quite young. I felt like it had a big impact on me; but I wouldn't say the same thing about his other albums. One of my all-time favorite recordings is John Coltrane doing "My Favorite Things." But, again, I don't really listen to him very often. I remember some of my first favorite CDs were film soundtracks and genre compilations, so maybe that's where it comes from.
Hear Danke Shane play Thursday, October 6 at 6 p.m. after a staff-led talk on the Industrial Waste Teapot selected by Andrew. Check out more details on Luce's Facebook page and access Danke Shane's tunes here. See you Thursday!